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Lilienfeld library

The Cistercian abbey Lilienfeld was founded in 1202 by the Babenberg duke Leopold VI. The construction of the medieval abbey was finished in 1263. Lilienfeld was a centre for scholarly traditions in the Middle Ages, later a strong connection with Vienna University was maintained. The monastery library contains 39000 prints, 119 incunabula and 226 medieval manuscripts, including the collection of medieval and early modern codices from the library at Stift Lilienfeld, containing religious, liturgical, devotional, and patristic texts, as well as texts on other subjects. Famous is the concordantiae caritatis codex a compiled work of abbot Ulrich von Lilienfeld, who lived in the 14th century. It is the most voluminous typological collection oft the late medieval times. To be maintained also are the works of monk Christanus von Lilienfeld (d. before 1332) a liturgical poet of hymns, rhymed offices, sequences and compilator of several religious and liturgical works. Its wealth and glory was not sufficient to prevent the dissolution of the monastery under Emperor Joseph II in 1789. After its restoration in 1790 as a substitute for loss in the course of the abolition of 1789 a bundle of 49 manuscripts from the Lower Austrian Benedictine monastery Mariazell in Österreich was awarded to Lilienfeld.

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An Illumination Depicting Silver-Ore Mining and Processing from the Collections of the Gallery of the Central Bohemian Region

The Gallery of the Central Bohemian Region has provided access to an excised illumination that it acquired in an auction in 2009. It has been digitised by the company AiP Beroun s.r.o. The sheet of a size of ca 64.5 x 44 cm depicts silver-ore mining and processing in Kutná Hora. It was painted shortly before 1500. Besides its artistic qualities, it is an important source on the method of ore mining and processing, which has analogies in other paintings from both Kutná Hora and the region of the Ore Mountains (Krušné Hory).

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Manuscripts from the National Library of the Czech Republic

Most of the recently digitised manuscripts from the National Library of the CR are medieval codices containing Czech texts. In terms of their content, these are predominantly theological, ascetic and morally instructive works translated or adapted from Latin originals, whose authors include e.g. Thomas à Kempis, Albertanus of Brescia, Henry Suso and others. The manuscripts further comprise sets of prayers, legends, dictionaries and medical compilations. Texts in Latin are only represented by a set philosophical treatises written in Prague at the beginning of the 15th century (XIV.F.20) and two codices from the Prague Lobkowicz Library, whose previous owner was the Premonstratensian monastery of Weissenau.

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Medieval Manuscripts from the National Library of the Czech Republic

The National Library has recently provided access to 19 codices from between the 14th century and the beginning of the 16th century. Most of them are placed under the shelf mark XVII and thus contain texts in Czech. The manuscripts include i.a. probably the oldest extant version of the collection Ráj duše (/The Paradise of the Soul / from 1383, XVII A 19; the same text has also been preserved in the codex XVII D 32 from the turn of the 15th century), several volumes containing a Czech version of Lives of the Holy Fathers (XVII C 16, XVII C 17, XVII C 28) and Czech translations of Historia scholastica, the narrative Biblical history by Peter Comestor (XVII D 18), and of the moral-educational work Quadripartitus apologeticus (XVII E 12, in Czech Čtverohranáč). A unique notation of the song Našě sestra Jana [Our Site Jane] forms part of the collection of poems and other texts XIV G 45; several of the newly digitised codices are written in German (shelf mark XVI and a collection of theological texts from the Prague Lobkowicz Library XXIII D 178).

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Printed Books of the National Library of Medicine

The National Library of Medicine in Prague digitised four volumes of medical and veterinary printed books in 2016. They all come from the last quarter of the 18th century and were mostly printed in Vienna, some also in Bratislava and Lübeck. The binder’s volume of individual parts of the work Anfangsgründe der chirurgischen Vorbereitungswissenschaften für angehende Wundärzte (F 184) by J. J. von Plenck is also interesting for its ownership marks.

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Medieval Manuscripts of the Museum of the Brno Region

The Museum of the Brno Region provided access to another five medieval manuscripts from the library of the Benedictine monastery in Rajhrad in 2016. The earliest of them is the collection of sermons from the first half of the 14th century (R 424). Sermonic literature is also represented by codex R 370 with texts of Johannes Hieronymus (Silvanus) of Prague. The main part of another two manuscripts is formed by the Vocabularius Ex quo (a Latin-German dictionary); its inscription in the manuscript R 391 states the year 1447, R 586 comes from 1481. Codex R 392 with moral-educational writings originated in 1417.

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Manuscripts from the Military History Institute Prague

With one later exception, the digitised manuscripts from the collections of the Military History Institute come from the 17th–19th centuries and contain mainly various treatises on fortification construction and military unit training, but also notes on military events (in particular the Austrian–Prussian War of 1866, shelf marks IIR C 16172, IIR C 16486 and IIR G 431, as well as the Seven Years’ War, shelf mark IIR F 355) and a military dictionary. The treatment of the history of the second battalion of Austrian field hunters in 1808–1863 by Anton Mudroch (IIR F 527) is exceptional for its size.

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Early Printed Books from the National Library of Technology

In 2016, the National Library of Technology digitised five early printed books and one binder’s volume of them. The works were printed in the 16th–18th centuries mostly in present-day Germany, but also in Poland, Russia and France. Individual volumes contain treatises on mathematics, geometry and natural sciences, partly also applied in practice (shipbuilding, a collection presenting diverse devices and inventions).

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Manuscripts from the National Library of the Czech Republic

The first part of the digitised manuscripts from the National Library of the CR comprises a total of 27 shelf marks coming both from its historical collections and from later acquisitions (i.a. the Thun Library in Děčín and the Prague Lobkowicz Library). These are codices from between the 13th century and the beginning of the 16th century, containing theological as well as preaching, moral-educational, liturgical, astronomical, medical, rhetorical and other texts. Most of them were written in German (shelf mark XVI) and Czech (shelf mark XVII), including e.g. the earliest extant copy of the work Život Krista Pána [The Life of Christ] (XVII A 9), the text O obnovení církve svaté [The Restoration of the Holy Church] (XVII E 31) by Luke of Prague, and translations by Řehoř Hrubý of Jelení (XVII C 19, XVII E 33).

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Bukovina Annals by Vilém Žďárský

The State Regional Archives Litoměřice – State District Archives have provided access to an extensive collection of Bukovina Annals, which were written by Vilém Žďárský in 1948–1965 based on earlier sources, literature and accounts. The ten volumes of the chronicle and its supplements contain abundant information on various aspects of the life in the Turnov region especially in the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.

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