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Medieval Manuscripts from the National Museum Library

Another five medieval manuscripts from the collections of the National Museum Library were digitised in 2021. Most of them had passed through the library of the house of Augustinian canons in Roudnice nad Labem. The collections of ecclesiastical law XVII A 5 and XVII A 15 were at least partly written in Italy at the turn of the 14th century and in the first half of the 14th century. Another legal treatise, Casus longi in quinque libros decretalium (XVII A 9) by Bernard of Parma, dates from the same period. A copy of the work Historia satirica by Paul of Venice (XVI A 8) was made in Bohemia, probably in Prague, at the beginning of the 15th century; it was bequeathed to the house of Augustinian canons in Roudnice by Adam of Nežetice, vicar general of the Archdiocese of Prague, in 1414. The last digitised codex is a missal of the Archdiocese of Prague from the early 15th century (XVI A 9), used at St Andrew’s Altar in the parish church of St Bartholomew in Pilsen.

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Manuscripts from the Regional Museum in Teplice

The Regional Museum in Teplice digitised two manuscripts from its collections in 2021. The earlier of them is a gradual (shelf mark Or I 2) with hymns for the Mass Ordinary and for fixed feasts, most of which were written in the Cistercian monastery in Osek in 1656. The Cistercian Order is also associated with the list of the dead from individual convents (mostly Bohemian) that covers the period of 1762–1943 and began to be recorded in St Marienstern monastery, Upper Lusatia (shelf mark R2020/28).

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A Manuscript from the Regional Museum and Gallery in Most

In 2021, the Regional Museum and Gallery in Most provided access to one manuscript – Liber vitae et mortis fratrum ordinis minorum conventualium in conventu Pontensi sancti Francisci defunctorum, which began to be recorded by Matthias Kollnberger (shelf mark 27/Ruk). The work mainly deals with the activities of the convent of the Conventual Franciscans in Most and its members in the years 1740–1862 and is supplemented with engravings and official documents.

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Sheet-Music Manuscripts from the Collections of the National Library

Nineteen shelf marks from the collections of the Music Department of the National Library of the Czech Republic have been digitized. The earliest of them comes from the last quarter of the 18th century. Most of them were copied in the 19th century. A larger group is formed by handwritten copies of compositions by František Xaver Brixi (shelf mark 59 R 1236, 59 R 1237, 59 R 1240, 59 R 1247, 59 R 1250). Other manuscripts comprise handwritten copies of excerpts from W. A. Mozart’s opera The Abduction from the Seraglio, the score of Adalbert Gyrowetz’s opera Federico e Adolfo, the score of Joseph Drechsler’s theatrical play with songs Der Diamant des Geisterkönigs, as well as handwritten copies of liturgical texts and religious songs. Some of the manuscripts come from the collection of MUDr. Ludvík Hornov.

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A Cookbook from the Museum of the Bohemian Paradise in Turnov

Muzeum Českého ráje v Turnově digitalizovalo v roce 2021 kuchařskou knihu z 18.-19. století (sign. R 11), která obsahuje české i německé recepty, zčásti uspořádané podle jednotlivých typů jídel nebo použitých surovin.

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An Antiphonary from the Vyšehrad Chapter

The Royal Collegiate Chapter of Saints Peter and Paul at Vyšehrad has provided access to an antiphonary from the 15th century (shelf mark Ms 6). The manuscript with five large ornamental initials was bound at the turn of the 16th century. It has not been preserved in its original extent and the institution for which it was intended is not known.

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Manuscripts from the Strahov Library

The systematic digitisation of manuscripts from the Royal Canonry of Premonstratensians at Strahov – the Strahov Library continued in 2021 with another 45 volumes placed under the shelf marks DA III and DA IV. The oldest digitised codex (DA IV 21) dates from the first half of the 15th century and contains a number of patristic homilies and shorter texts, but also sermons by Jacob of Mies (Jacobellus de Misa), Matthew of Cracow and Petr of Stupno. The other modern manuscripts cover a number of disciplines. There are numerous collections of medical recipes (including those for veterinary medicine) and herbaria (DA IV 4, DA IV 6, DA IV 13, DA IV 15, DA IV 44, DA IV 46) as well as manuscripts containing texts focused on personal piety or prayers. Historiographical works are represented by the Memorial Books of Hynek Krabice of Weitmile from the 16th century (DA IV 29); other volumes contain later handwritten copies, some of which are connected with the figure of the collector Tomáš Antonín Putzlacher. Several manuscripts include texts of the provisions of land diets, handwritten copies of their printed versions or extracts from the land registry (tabulae terrae, land tablets) – for instance DA IV 10, DA IV 14, DA IV 17, DA IV 25. The other digitised items comprise the original works of some Strahov Premonstratensians, such as Jan Bohumír Dlabač (DA IV 11, DA IV 26), notes from lectures, but also copies of the acts of the canonisation process of John of Nepomuk (DA IV 19) or instructions for making sundials (DA IV 5).

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The Cheb Chronicle of Johann Thomas Funk

The German Chronicle of the City of Cheb (Chronik der Stadt Eger) from the collections of the Historic Cheb Endowment Fund was digitised in 2021. It was written shortly before the middle of the 18th century by the mayor of Cheb Johann Thomas Funk. The chronicle covers the period until 1743. Its main source was an earlier chronicle of Salomon Gruber.

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Manuscripts of the National Library of the CR

The digitisation of the collections of the National Library of the CR continued with more manuscripts. Access has recently been provided, for example, to a binder’s volume of computist texts, a part of which was copied by the later university master Petr from Dvakačovice, called Bibat (shelf mark VG14), after leaving Prague; a collection from the property of another master of the university of Prague, Ioannes Andreae de Praga, called Schindel, including i.a. a work by Petrarch (V.G.12); and other volumes with theological content.

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Medieval Manuscripts from the National Library of the Czech Republic

The systematic digitisation of the manuscripts from the National Library continued with codices from the shelf marks V.E–V.G. The oldest digitised manuscript is a medical collection of Southern-European origin copied in 1288 (V.F.19), which was owned in the 15th century by Šimon of Slaný. The other codices come from the Czech lands in the 14th–15th centuries. A part of them was demonstrably used in school instruction, but for some, it is impossible to decide whether it was at the university or lower schools. This group comprises, for example, commentaries on grammar textbooks (V.F.3, V.F.28), interpretations of Aristotle’s works (V.E.8, V.E.13), records of medical university lectures (V.E.21) and an astronomical volume (V.G.18). The other digitised works include sermons and preaching aids (e.g. V.E.25, V.F.8, V.F.26) as well as theological literature; the set of dictionaries in V.E.18 is interesting for Germanists.

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